• Cao J. (2018) Ricolinostat (ACY-1215) suppresses proliferation and promotes apoptosis in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma via miR-30d/PI3K/AKT/mTOR and ERK pathways. Cell Death & Disease 9(8), 817.

Ricolinostat (ACY-1215), a first-in-class selective HDAC6 inhibitor, exhibits antitumor effects alone or in combination with other drugs in various cancers. However, its efficacy in esophageal cancer remains unclear. In this study, we found that the high expression of HDAC6 was associated with poor prognosis in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) tissues. Then, we identified that ACY-1215 significantly inhibited cellular proliferation in ESCC, and caused G2/M phase arrest and apoptosis. We further demonstrated that ACY-1215 treatment reduced the expression of PI3K, P-AKT, P-mTOR, and P-ERK1/2 and increased that of Ac-H3K9 and Ac-H4K8. In addition, using miRNA microarray and bioinformatics analysis, we detected that ACY-1215 promoted miR-30d expression, and PI3K regulatory subunit 2 (PIK3R2) was a direct target of miR-30d. Anti-miR-30d partially rescued the G2/M phase arrest and apoptosis caused by ACY-1215 treatment. The reductions in PI3K, P-AKT, and P-mTOR expression were also partially reversed by miR-30d inhibitor. Furthermore, the effects of ACY-1215 inhibited ESCC proliferation were validated in a mouse xenograft model in vivo. In conclusion, our study showed that ACY-1215 suppressed proliferation and promoted apoptosis in ESCC via miR-30d/PI3K/AKT/mTOR and ERK pathways and that ACY-1215 may be a promising antitumor agent in ESCC.

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