• Jiang Z, Yin J, Fu W, Mo Y, Pan Y, Dai L, Huang H, Li S, Zhao J. (2014) miRNA 17 Family Regulates Cisplatin-Resistant and Metastasis by Targeting TGFbetaR2 in NSCLC. PLoS ONE 9(4),

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been proven to play crucial roles in cancer, including tumor chemotherapy resistance and metastasis of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). TGFβ signal pathway abnormality is widely found in cancer and correlates with tumor proliferation, apoptosis and metastasis. Here, miR-17, 20a, 20b were detected down-regulated in A549/DDP cells (cisplatin resistance) compared with A549 cells (cisplatin sensitive). Over-expression of miR-17, 20a, 20b can not only decrease cisplatin-resistant but also reduce migration by inhibiting epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in A549/DDP cells. These functions of miR-17, 20a, 20b may be caused at least in part via inhibition of TGFβ signal pathway, as miR-17, 20a, 20b are shown to directly target and repress TGF-beta receptor 2 (TGFβR2) which is an important component of TGFβ signal pathway. Consequently, our study suggests that miRNA 17 family (including miR-17, 20a, 20b) can act as TGFβR2 suppressor for reversing cisplatin-resistant and suppressing metastasis in NSCLC.

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Analysis of miRNAs and Their Targets during Adventitious Shoot Organogenesis of Acacia crassicarpa miRNA-Mediated Posttranscriptional Regulation of Gene Expression in ABR17-Transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana Under Salt Stress