• Li J, Chen Y, Qin X, Wen J, Ding H, Xia W, Li S, Su X, Wang W, Li H. (2013) MiR-138 downregulates miRNA processing in HeLa cells by targeting RMND5A and decreasing Exportin-5 stability. Nucleic Acids Research

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of non-coding small RNAs that consist of ∼22 nt and are involved in several biological processes by regulating target gene expression. MiR-138 has many biological functions and is often downregulated in cancers. Our results showed that overexpression of miR-138 downregulated target RMND5A (required for meiotic nuclear division 5 homolog A) and reduced Exportin-5 stability, which results in decreased levels of pre-miRNA nuclear export in HeLa cells. We also found that miR-138 could significantly inhibit HeLa cell migration by targeting RMND5A. Our study therefore identifies miR-138–RMND5A–Exportin-5 as a previously unknown miRNA processing regulatory pathway in HeLa cells.

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