• Ma Y. (2019) Effects of miR-181a-5p abnormal expression on zebrafish (Danio rerio) vascular development following triclosan exposure. Chemosphere 223, 523-535.

Triclosan (TCS), one of the important bactericides, is widely used in personal care products, and its chronic exposure leads to severe toxic effects on the growth and development of blood vessels in zebrafish (Danio rerio). Herein, we screened out three differentially expressed miRNAs (miR-181a-5p, miR-132-3p and miR-128-3p) by sequencing and qRT-PCR analyses of 4–96-hpf TCS-exposed zebrafish, among which miR-181a-5p was found to regulate many signaling pathways involved in fatty acid biosynthesis and phosphatidylimositol signaling systems. By O-dianisidine staining, TCS-exposure resulted in decreased distribution of red blood cells and induced blood hypercoagulable state and thrombotic effects. Defective subintestinal veins (SIVs), and decreased branching and curvature of blood vessels were observed with increasing TCS-exposure concentrations. After microinjection of miR-181a-5p mimic and inhibitor, zebrafish malformation type and percentage were prominently increased such as distorted SIV vessels along with reduced venation and abnormal branches by ALP staining. Overexpressed miR-181a-5p had a greater effect on development and branching patterns of arteries and veins than its knockdown. By laser confocal microscopy observation, the 72-hpf Tg (flk1: mCherry) zebrafish obviously displayed vascular proliferation and ablation in the miR-181a-5p mimic group. Microinjection of miR-181a-5p mimics and inhibitors led to abnormal expressions (20–50%) of two key target genes (pax2a and vash2) by WISH, and increased malformation percentages (18–45%) by IOD analysis. Overexpression of vash2 led to the inhibitory or promoting effects on the expression of PI3K signaling pathway-related genes, proving that the effect of vash2 on development of blood vessels could be realized by inhibiting PI3K signaling pathway. These observations lay theoretical foundation for deep insight into the molecular mechanisms on TCS-induced cardiovascular diseases.

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