• Zhang X. (2019) Combined microRNAome and transcriptome analysis of follicular phase and luteal phase in porcine ovaries. Reproduction in Domestic Animals 0(ja),

The aim of this study was to explore the expression difference of miRNAs and mRNAs between the follicular phase (FP) and luteal phase (LP) in porcine ovaries and provide a theoretical basis for the research on mammalian reproductive regulation. RNA-Seq and miRNA-Seq were used to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and miRNAs (DEMs) between the FP and LP in ovaries of six sows (3-year-old Yorkshire pigs with similar weights and same parities). Bioinformatic analysis was used to screen potential genes and miRNAs related to porcine ovarian function. Real-time qualitative PCR was used to validate the sequencing results. RNA-Seq results showed that 3078 genes were up-regulated and 1444 genes were down-regulated in the LP compared with the FP, and DEGs were significantly enriched in 242 Gene Ontology (GO) terms and 33 Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathways. miRNA-Seq identified 112 DEMs, of which 25 were up-regulated and 87 were down-regulated in the LP compared with the FP. We obtained 186 intersection genes (IGs) between the 4522 DEGs and 2444 target genes predicted from the 112 DEMs. After constructing a miRNA-gene-pathway network, we identified key miRNAs and genes including miR-17-3p, miR-214, miR-221-5p, miR-125b, FGF1, YWHAG, YWHAZ, FDFT1, and DHCR24, which are enriched in Hippo and PI3K-Akt signaling pathways, and various metabolic pathways. These results indicate that these key genes and miRNAs may play important roles in the developmental transition from FP to LP in porcine ovaries, and represent candidate targets for further study. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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