• Zhang W, Thevapriya S, Kim PJ, Yu W, Shaw Je, Kin Ta, Zeng L. (2014) Amyloid precursor protein regulates neurogenesis by antagonizing miR-574-5p in the developing cerebral cortex. Nat Commun 5,

Amyloid precursor protein (APP) is a transmembrane glycoprotein proteolytically processed to release amyloid beta, a pathological hallmark of Alzheimer’s disease. APP is expressed throughout the developing and mature brain; however, the primary function of this protein is unknown. We previously demonstrated that APP deficiency enhances neurogenesis, but the mechanisms underlying this process are not known. Here we show that APP regulates the expression of microRNAs in the cortex and in neural progenitors, specifically repressing miR-574-5p. We also show that overexpression of miR-574-5p promotes neurogenesis, but reduces the neural progenitor pool. In contrast, the reduced expression of miR-574-5p inhibits neurogenesis and stimulates proliferation in vitro and in utero. We further demonstrate that the inhibition of miR-574-5p in APP-knockout mice rescues the phenotypes associated with APP deficiency in neurogenesis. Taken together, these results reveal a mechanism in which APP regulates the neurogenesis through miRNA-mediated post-transcriptional regulation.

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