Drought stress is a global problem, and the lack of water is a key factor that leads to agricultural shortages. MicroRNAs play a crucial role in the plant drought stress response; however, the microRNAs and their targets involved in drought response have not been well elucidated. In a recent study, researchers used miRNA, RNA, and degradome sequencing to explore the drought- and organ-specific miRNAs in orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.) leaf and root. They aimed to find potential miRNA–mRNA regulation patterns responding to drought conditions.

In total, 519 (486 conserved and 33 novel) miRNAs were identified, of which, 41 miRNAs had significant differential expression among the comparisons (p < 0.05). They also identified 55,366 unigenes by RNA-Seq, where 12,535 unigenes were differently expressed. Finally,degradome analysis revealed that 5950 transcripts were targeted by 487 miRNAs. A correlation analysis identified that miRNA ata-miR164c-3p and its target heat shock protein family A (HSP70) member 5 gene comp59407_c0 (BIPE3) may be essential in organ-specific plant drought stress response and/or adaptation in orchardgrass. Additionally, Gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) analyses found that “antigen processing and presentation” was the most enriched downregulated pathway in adaptation to drought conditions.

Taken together, these results serve as a valuable genetic resource for future studies focusing on how plants adapted to drought conditions.

 

 

 

Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in orchardgrass treated with drought stress. (A) Venn diagram of DEGs from root and leaf after drought treatment; pink color represent to comparison of drought treat root to controlled root, light-yellow color represent to comparison of drought treat leaf to controlled leaf; (B) column graph of DEGs in different treatment groups showing both upregulated and downregulated genes; (C) gene ontology annotation for all 5272 DEGs; (D) Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes pathway annotation for all 5272 DEGs.

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Reference
Y Ji, P Chen, J Chen, K Pennerman, X Liang, H Yan et al. (2018) Combinations of Small RNA, RNA, and Degradome Sequencing Uncovers the Expression Pattern of microRNA–mRNA Pairs Adapting to Drought Stress in Leaf and Root of Dactylis glomerata L. Int. J. of Mol. Sci. doi: 10.3390/ijms19103114 [article]

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