A significant difference was found among the lines. As microRNAs have been proved to play a key role in the maintenance of pluripotency and the cell cycle regulation of stem cells, a complex miRNA analysis which involved miRNA microarray profiling was performed. It was discovered that miRNAs expressed differently in PGC lines with high proliferation rate, compared to PGC lines with low proliferation rate. Gga-miR-2127 was shown to express differently in female and male cell lines. The microarray analysis also revealed high expression level of the gga-miR-302b-3p strand (member of the miR-302/367 cluster) in slowly proliferating PGC lines compared to the gga-miR-302b-5p strand. It was confirmed that the inhibition of miR-302b-5p significantly increases the doubling time of the examined PGC lines.
In conclusion, gga-miR-181-5p, gga-miR-2127, and members of the gga-miR-302/367 cluster have a dominant role in the regulation of avian primordial germ cell proliferation.
(a) The microarray analysis was performed on 4 PGC lines (2 female and 2 male) (Supplementary Tables 2–5). On the microarray, 991 chicken-specific miRNAs, 42 plate controls, and 6 gga-5Sb rRNA probes were placed (b) The Venn diagram introduces the similarities and differences between the cell lines. (c) Paired -test analysis was conducted between the male (4ZP, FS101) and female (5ZP, FS111) PGC lines by LC Sciences Company.