Chronic heart failure was established by injecting doxorubicin (2 mg/kg/week) for 6 weeks, then H/R was performed on primary cultured cardiomyocytes isolated from normal and failed heart. Cellular injury was evaluated by detecting LDH release levels, cell variability and apoptotic rate. Dysregulated miRNAs in control, hypoxia preconditioning (HPC) and morphine preconditioning (MPC) groups under two conditions were quantified by miRNA microarray analysis. Fas protein expression was analyzed using Western Blotting analysis.
Chronic heart failure was confirmed with lower ejection fraction (EF), and significant cellular injury. HPC could reverse the injury induced by H/R in normal heart rather than failed heart, otherwise, MPC significantly attenuated cellular injury dose dependently in both conditions. There was 12 miRNAs significantly altered after doxorubicin injection, 7 downregulated and 5 upregulated. miR-133b-5p, miR-6216, miR-664-1-5p and let7e-5p were differentially expressed after HPC and MPC treatments. The direct interaction between miR-133b-5p and target gene Fas were established. The Fas protein expression was manipulated by MPC not HPC affording protective effect against H/R injury.