Despite significant developments in its clinical treatment, the reported incidence and mortality of gastric cancer have exhibited marked increases. The molecular mechanisms of gastric cancer initiation and progression remain to be fully elucidated. The aim of a recent study sought to identify novel microRNAs (miRNAs/miRs) with a role in the peritoneal metastasis of gastric cancer by comparing the miRNA expression in the gastric cancer cell line GC9811 with that in its variant GC9811‑P, a sub‑cell line with a high potential for peritoneal metastasis.

MiRNA microarray analysis identified 153 dysregulated miRNAs, including 74 upregulated and 79 downregulated miRNAs. Of these, four significantly upregulated miRNAs (miR‑181a‑5p, miR‑106b‑5p, miR‑199a‑3p and miR‑148a‑3p) and four downregulated miRNAs (miR‑146a‑5p, miR‑21‑5p, miR‑222‑3p and miR‑221‑3p) were selected and further confirmed by reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis. Furthermore, knockdown of miR‑21‑5p promoted the migration and invasion of GC9811 cells.

Collectively, these results suggested that the miRNA expression profile in GC9811‑P vs. GC9811 cells was altered to favor disease progression, and the dysregulated miRNAs, including miR‑21‑5p, may therefore provide novel biomarkers and potential therapeutic targets for gastric cancer metastasis.

 

Bioinformatics analysis of miRNAs in gastric cancer cell lines with different peritoneal metastatic potential. (A) A total of 153 miRNAs were identified to be differentially expressed in GC9811‑P vs. GC9811 cells, including 74 upregulated and 79 downregulated miRNAs (P<0.05). (B) 13 miRNAs were obtained according to the criteria of signal intensity >500 and P≤0.01. miRNA/miR, microRNA; hsa, Homo sapiens.

LC Sciences

 

Reference
Y Feng, F Bai, Y You, F Bai, C Wu, R Xin, X Li, Y Nie (2018) Dysregulated microRNA expression profiles in gastric cancer cells with high peritoneal metastatic potential Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine doi: 10.3892/etm.2018.6783 [article]

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